African American Involvement in WWII
This project-based lesson engages students with primary sources (posters, photos, and manuscript documents) to analyze and evaluate the involvement of African Americans in World War II.
- Evaluate how an author incorporates evidence and reasoning to support the argument and specific claims in a text.
- Analyze and evaluate a variety of thematically-related texts of historical and literary significance for their topics, facts, purposes, and rhetorical...
- Determine multiple central ideas of a text or texts and analyze their development; provide a critical summary.
- Analyze how an author's choices regarding the ordering of ideas and events, the introduction and development of ideas, and connections among ideas...
- Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, utilizing ongoing feedback, including new...
- Identify the roles and sacrifices of individual American soldiers, as well as the unique contributions of special fighting forces such as the Tuskegee Airmen, the 442nd...
- Examine the impact of World War II on economic and social conditions for African Americans, including the Fair Employment Practices Committee, the service of African...
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- Identify a role that African Americans filled in World War II and discuss how the role offered new opportunities and/or reflected racial attitudes of 1930s and 1940s.
- Examine efforts by activists and organizations to promote change and evaluate effectiveness of Executive Orders to change policies for labor and military.
- Cite specific textual evidence (posters, photos, and/or manuscripts) to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, connecting insights gained from multiple texts.
- How did the involvement of African Americans in World War II reflect racial attitudes and segregation?
- How did the role of African Americans in the war impact social and economic conditions for African Americans during and after World War II?
- How did labor programs and Executive Orders affect opportunities for African Americans?
- Student GoogleDocs or PowerPoints can be linked to school website to be shared with school community. A student or teacher panel can vote on their favorite museum room.
- Virtual Museum can also be a flipped classroom activity. Students can use Venn Diagram graphic organizer to compare/contrast perspectives of two different African Americans from different branches of service or home front jobs.
MATERIALS AND RESOURCES USED:
- Violet Hill Askins Gordon
- Oneida Miller Stuart
- Roscoe Tyson Spann
- Robert P. Madison
Prints and Photographs:
- Dorie Miller
- Tuskegee Airmen
- Rosie Pictures: Select Images Relating to American Women Workers During World War II
- Tuskagee Airman
- African American Nurses
- Buffalo Soldiers
- Members of an artillery unit…break
- Photographs and Signs Enforcing Racial Discrimination
- Eleanor Roosevelt letter lobbying against
- A. Phillip Randolph March on Washington
- President Truman Executive Order 9981
- FDR Executive Order 8802 Prohibition of
- Discrimination in the Defense Industry
- Mary McLeod Bethune speech “What Does
- American Democracy Mean to Me?” (American Public Media website)
- Bolton Act: Making the Nursing Profession
- More Accessible to Everyone (Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing)
- Primary Source Analysis Tool, interactive
- Analyzing Primary Sources
- Analyzing Photographs and Prints
- Analyzing Oral Histories
- Virtual Museum Template