African Americans in Military Service
During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, African Americans made significant sacrifices by volunteering to fight for the United States in the Spanish-American War, World War I, and World War II.
- Describe the development of African American institutions such as religion, education, and benevolent organizations.
- Describe and evaluate the contributions of African Americans during World War II.
- Evaluate the topic or subject in two diverse formats or media.
- Evaluate how reasoning and evidence affects the argument and specific claims in a text.
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- Student will analyze photographs and stereographs.
- Students will categorize primary sources chronologically by identifying context clues.
How did African Americans contribute to the war effort during the Spanish-American War, World War I, and World War II?
- Students can explore the Trials and Triumphs Web site to learn more about Tennessee’s history between the end of the American Civil War and the end of World War II.
- Prompt your students to discuss how African Americans also fought during the Civil War. How was this a different situation for the African Americans than volunteering for the other three wars discussed?
- Learn more about the Veterans History Project.
MATERIALS AND RESOURCES:
Primary Sources: Library of Congress
- True sons of freedom 
- Colored Troops Disembarking in 1898 
- Ninth U.S. Cavalry--famous Colored Regiment--Draw Sabers! [ca. 1898]
- World War I soldier with American flag in background [between 1914 and 1918]
- Medal of honor men Have received medals of honor in United States Army and Navy. [ca. 1900]
- 24th Infantry Leaving Salt Lake City, Utah for Chattanooga, Tennessee, April 24th, 1898 
Primary Sources: Trials and Triumphs
- Nancy Harvey Searcy [ca. 1940s]
- Group of African Americans being transferred to jail in Nashville 
- Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant wood shop workers [ca. 1940s]
- Company 1, 20 Regiment, Third W.A.C. Training Center, Fort Oglethorpe, BA