The Wright Brothers' Flying Evolution
In this lesson, students explore the process and development of the Wright brothers’ earlier flying apparatuses leading up to and including their first sustained, controlled flight of 1903. They will analyze images from the Library of Congress Web site related to the Wright brothers’ aviation and investigate the flight process of the Wright brothers and the important steps they made during their design process.
- Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact.
- Create a demonstration of an object in motion and describe the position, force, and direction of the object.
- Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an objects motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.
- Evaluate and interpret that for every force exerted on an object there is an equal force exerted in the opposite direction.
- Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
- Analyze what a text says explicitly and draw logical inferences; cite textual evidence to support conclusions.
- Analyze what a text says explicitly and draw logical inferences; cite several pieces of textual evidence to support conclusions.
- Analyze what a text says explicitly and draw logical inferences; support an interpretation of a text by citing relevant textual evidence.
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The learner will explore the early flight process of the Wrights, explore images from the Library of Congress Web site related to the subject matter that they are studying, and complete picture analysis worksheets. Each group will investigate one of the steps in the flight process and combine that step with other steps to produce a timeline of the important steps the Wright brothers made during their design process.
How did the Wright brothers’ methodical, systematic process in building the airplane demonstrating the steps in the engineering design process?
- Investigate the Library of Congress for more images related to the history of flight.
- Watch and discuss the video “Who Really Invented the Airplane? http://www.history.com/topics/inventions/wright-brothers
- Using the Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers search page, http://www.loc.gov/collections/wilbur-and-orville-wright-papers/about-th..., have students find additional images of the Wright brothers’ gliders and flyers. Example “1900 glider” “1901 glider,” “1902 glider,” and “1903 machine”.
- Have students create their own Wright gliders using cardboard and toothpicks. http://wright.nasa.gov/ROGER/models.htm
- Additional Wright Flight Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A-CvkEUSAO4
- Additional Library of Congress Flight Resources on earlier flight for study:
- Deaths from Flying https://www.loc.gov/resource/mwright.0500511
- Women in flight https://www.loc.gov/resource/mwright.0500566
- Clouds obstructing view https://www.loc.gov/resource/mwright.05003418
- Wrights May Stop All Plane Flyers https://www.loc.gov/resource/mwright.05002594
- Roosevelt first former president to fly https://www.loc.gov/resource/mwright.05003393
- PowerPoint presentation
- Engineering Design Process Worksheet (H1)
- Picture Analysis Worksheet (H2)
- Picture Bibliography Page Worksheet (H3)
- Poster Board (cut in half, long ways)