Introducing Non-Fiction: 5 Day Unit

This 5 day unit on non-fiction text teaches 2nd-5th grade students to use non-fiction text features to make meaning. This unit features many "Reading Tools" students can use to make meaning of non-fiction text. Hot links bring up pdf files: pre-reading graphic organizers, lists of reading tools, KWL charts, non-fiction kid-friendly articles and questions, and an illustration of the 5 text structures of non-fiction. Characteristics of non-fiction text, text features and structures are taught in context to help kids make predictions and comprehend. Think Aloud strategy is used to artfully engage students in discussion regarding informational text.

Standards & Objectives

Academic standards
GLE 0201.6.2
Comprehend the main ideas and supporting details of informational texts.
GLE 0201.6.3
Interpret the graphics that support informational texts.
GLE 0301.6.1
Apply appropriate reading strategies to comprehend informational texts.
GLE 0301.6.2
Recognize the different features of informational texts (e.g., separate text boxes, diagrams, captions, charts, graphs).
GLE 0401.6.1
Apply skills and strategies to comprehend informational texts.
GLE 0401.6.2
Recognize the different text features of informational texts (e.g., separate text boxes, diagrams, captions, charts, graphs).
GLE 0501.6.1
Apply appropriate skills and strategies to comprehend informational texts (e.g., pre-reading strategies, comprehension strategies, graphic organizers,...
GLE 0501.6.2
Recognize the different text features of informational texts (e.g., separate text boxes, diagrams, captions, charts, graphs).
GLE 0501.6.3
Explore the organizational structures of informational texts.
GLE 0701.3.1
Write in a variety of modes for different audiences and purposes.
 
Alignment of this item to academic standards is based on recommendations from content creators, resource curators, and visitors to this website. It is the responsibility of each educator to verify that the materials are appropriate for your content area, aligned to current academic standards, and will be beneficial to your specific students.
 
Learning objectives: 

Objective:

Students will:

  • Get an introduction to nonfiction texts and identify what they already know about this genre
  • Prepare to read a nonfiction article by building background knowledge and learning key vocabulary
  • Learn text features associated with types of nonfiction
  • Learn about different text structures used in nonfiction and identify the text structure of a specific passage
  • Check their comprehension skills and apply what they've learned to their own writing

Unit Variations

Blooms taxonomy level: 
Understanding

Helpful Hints

Materials

Lesson 1:

  • Classroom social studies or science textbook
  • Example of fiction (e.g., storybook)
  • Samples of nonfiction literature (books, menus, maps, magazines, etc.)

Lesson 2:

  • Chart paper and markers
  • KWL Chart (PDF), one per student
  • Stopping a Toppling Tower (PDF)

Lesson 3:

  • Prereading Organizer (PDF), one per student
  • Stopping a Toppling Tower (PDF), one per student
  • Optional: Sample book with fiction stories
  • Optional: Projector to display the "Stopping a Toppling Tower" article for the class

Lesson 4:

  • Five Text Structures Chart (PDF), one per student
  • Stopping a Toppling Tower (PDF), one per student

Lesson 5:

  • Writing tools
  • Paper
  • Stopping a Toppling Tower (PDF), one per student

References

Contributors: