Author's Purpose 2nd Grade Unit

This is a three-lesson unit on Author’s purpose, designed for second grade. Each lesson focuses on one of three purposes: to entertain, to inform, or to persuade.  Lesson one (entertain) is based on The Adventures of Taxi Dog, by Sal Barracca. Lesson 2 (inform) is based on the nonfiction book Apples, by Gail Gibbons. Lesson three (persuade) includes 2 downloadable and printable nonfiction texts. The Adventures of Taxi Dog, by Sal Barracca.  These lessons emphasize the use of text evidence to draw conclusions about the author's purpose. In order to access some lesson materials you will need to register with this site, but registration is free.

Standards & Objectives

Academic standards
GLE 0201.5.3
Make inferences and draw appropriate conclusions.
GLE 0501.6.1
Apply appropriate skills and strategies to comprehend informational texts (e.g., pre-reading strategies, comprehension strategies, graphic organizers,...
Alignment of this item to academic standards is based on recommendations from content creators, resource curators, and visitors to this website. It is the responsibility of each educator to verify that the materials are appropriate for your content area, aligned to current academic standards, and will be beneficial to your specific students.
Learning objectives: 

Learning Goal:

  • Identify text evidence that shows the author’s purpose is to entertain.
  • Identify text evidence that shows the author’s purpose is to inform.
  • Identify text evidence that shows that the author’s purpose is to persuade.
  • Draw a conclusion about what the author is trying to persuade the reader to do or think.

Lesson Variations

Blooms taxonomy level: 
Differentiation suggestions: 

Lesson 1 Tip:

  • Scaffold learning by having students underline text evidence that supports the author’s purpose in the Independent Practice passage.

Lesson 2 Tip:

  • Make a game out of it! For the Guided Practice, students can sort stacks of books into two categories according to their purpose— written to entertain or written to inform. The first group to accurately sort their books into the two categories wins!


Helpful Hints

Necessary Materials:


  • Direct Teaching Example Chart
  • “A Lion in the Bedroom” Passage 
  • Independent Practice Worksheet
  • Independent Practice Passage “Bare Bones”
  • “Becoming Expert Readers” Letter
  • “Banning Junk Food” Letter
  • Direct Teaching Example Chart
  • Independent Practice Letter and Worksheet

Not Provided: 

  • The Adventures of Taxi Dog by Debra and Sal Barracca
  • Chart paper
  • Markers
  • Books from classroom library
  • Apples by Gail Gibbons