Inside a Seed

This lesson plan is designed for students to take apart a seed. As they take apart the seed they will examine each seed part with a magnifying glass.  After looking at each part through the magnifying glass they can discuss what each part is used for. Also, included on the website is great background information for the teacher.

Standards & Objectives

Academic standards
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5.1
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.6.1
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.6.2
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.6.3
Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.1
Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.1
Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.5.3
Summarize the points a speaker makes and explain how each claim is supported by reasons and evidence.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.6.1
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts,...
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.6.6
Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 6 Language...
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.1
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.10
Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two)...
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.2
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis...
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.3
Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event...
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.4
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific...
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.5
With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a...
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.7
Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.8
Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources; assess the credibility of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and...
GLE 0307.1.1
Use magnifiers to make observations of specific plant and body parts and describe their functions.
GLE 0501.1.1
Demonstrate knowledge of Standard English usage, mechanics, and spelling.
GLE 0601.1.1
Demonstrate control of Standard English through the use of grammar and mechanics (punctuation, capitalization, and spelling).
GLE 0601.2.1
Demonstrate critical listening skills essential for comprehension, evaluation, problem solving, and task completion.
GLE 0601.2.2
Begin to differentiate between summarizing and paraphrasing.
GLE 0601.2.6
Understand strategies for expressing ideas clearly and effectively in a variety of oral contexts.
GLE 0601.2.8
Participate in work teams and group discussions.
GLE 0601.3.1
Write in a variety of modes for different audiences and purposes.
GLE 0601.3.2
Employ various prewriting strategies.
GLE 0601.3.3
Organize ideas into an essay with an introduction, developing paragraphs, conclusion, and appropriate transitions.
GLE 0601.3.4
Refine strategies for editing and revising written work.
GLE 0601.4.2
Gather relevant information from a variety of print and electronic sources, as well as from direct observation, interviews, and surveys.
GLE 0601.4.3
Make distinctions about the credibility, reliability, consistency, strengths, and limitations of resources, including information gathered from websites.
GLE 0601.4.4
Write a research paper, using primary and secondary sources and technology and graphics, as appropriate.
SPI 0401.2.1
Identify the main idea and supporting points of a speech.
SPI 0501.1.2
Identify the correct use of verbs (i.e., action/linking, regular/irregular, agreement, tenses) within context.
SPI 0501.5.1
Locate information to support opinions, predictions, and conclusions.
SPI 0501.5.6
Make inferences and draw appropriate conclusions from text.
SPI 0601.1.1
Identify the correct use of nouns (i.e., common/proper, singular/plural, possessives) and pronouns (i.e., agreement, subject, object) within context.
SPI 0601.1.10
Identify the correct spelling of plurals and possessives.
SPI 0601.1.18
Identify correctly and incorrectly spelled words in context.
SPI 0601.2.4
Select the most appropriate behaviors for participating productively in a team (e.g., contribute appropriate and useful information and ideas, understand the...
SPI 0601.2.5
Identify the functions and responsibilities of individual roles within an organized group (i.e., reporter, recorder, information gatherer, leader, timekeeper).
SPI 0601.3.1
Identify the purpose for writing (i.e., to inform, to describe, to explain, to persuade).
SPI 0601.3.12
Select the most appropriate format for writing a specific work-related text (i.e., instructions, directions, letters, memos, e-mails, reports).
SPI 0601.3.5
Select illustrations, descriptions, and/or facts to support key ideas.
SPI 0601.3.8
Select appropriate time-order or transitional words/phrases to enhance the flow of a writing sample.
SPI 0601.3.9
Select an appropriate concluding sentence for a well-developed paragraph.
SPI 0601.4.3
Determine the most appropriate research source for a given research topic.
TSS.ELA.5.RI.IKI.8
Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which points.
TSS.ELA.5.RI.KID.1
Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
TSS.ELA.5.RL.KID.1
Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
TSS.ELA.5.SL.CC.3
Summarize the points a speaker makes and explain how each claim is supported by reasons and evidence.
TSS.ELA.6.L.CSE.1
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage.
TSS.ELA.6.L.CSE.2
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling. When reading or writing, explain the functions of...
TSS.ELA.6.L.KL.3
When writing and speaking, vary sentence patterns for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style; maintain consistency in style and tone.
TSS.ELA.6.SL.CC.1
Prepare for collaborative discussions on 6th grade level topics and texts; engage effectively with varied partners, building on others' ideas and...
TSS.ELA.6.SL.PKI.6
Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
TSS.ELA.6.W.PDW.4
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
TSS.ELA.6.W.PDW.5
With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new...
TSS.ELA.6.W.RBPK.7
Conduct research to answer a question, drawing on multiple sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate.
TSS.ELA.6.W.RBPK.8
Integrate relevant and credible information from print and digital sources; quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding...
TSS.ELA.6.W.RW.10
Write routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
TSS.ELA.6.W.TTP.1
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
TSS.ELA.6.W.TTP.2
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of...
TSS.ELA.6.W.TTP.3
Write narratives (fiction and nonfiction) to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective techniques, relevant descriptive details, and...
 
Alignment of this item to academic standards is based on recommendations from content creators, resource curators, and visitors to this website. It is the responsibility of each educator to verify that the materials are appropriate for your content area, aligned to current academic standards, and will be beneficial to your specific students.
 
Learning objectives: 

Students will:

  • Learn how plants produce seeds
  • Observe what is inside a seed; identifying the embryo, endosperm, and seed coat.
  • Identify the difference between monocots and dicots 
Essential and guiding questions: 

Ask students: Why do plants produce seeds? (To reproduce their species) How are seeds produced? (Via the process of pollination. Explain that pollination is the process of moving pollen from one plant to another. It is through this process that plant reproduction happens.)

Give student’s pre-cut fruits and vegetables. Ask students to remove the seeds of the fruits and vegetables. Use Popsicle sticks to help remove and gather seeds. Tape the seeds to construction paper labeling the seeds by name. Discuss different sizes, and forms of seeds from fruits and vegetables. 

Lesson Variations

Blooms taxonomy level: 
Applying
Extension suggestions: 

Students separate the seed cotyledons, leaving the plant embryo on only one cotyledon. Students will observe the embryo grow into a plant and will conclude that the cotyledon by itself does not contain right material to produce a new plant. 

Helpful Hints

Materials Needed:

For each student or team of students:

  • Bean and corn seeds (soaked overnight)
  • A magnifying glass
  • Toothpicks
  • Scissors
  • Paper plates 

References

Contributors: