Histograms and Bar Graphs Lesson Plan

This resource is a complete lesson plan on teaching histograms and bar graphs.  There are several downloadable worksheets and differentiated instruction notes.This resource is addressing the learning expectation because it addresses all of the elements in a lesson plan and specific activities to use with the lesson plan. There are several worksheets to complete.

Standards & Objectives

Academic standards
Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- and two-step "how many more" and...
Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot, where...
Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of...
Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve...
Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots).
Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard...
Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points...
Use the mean and standard deviation of a data set to fit it to a normal distribution and to estimate population percentages. Recognize that there...
GLE 0206.5.1
Use and understand various representations to depict and analyze data measurements.
GLE 0301.8.4
Explore basic literary terms (e.g., setting, point of view, simile, metaphor, rhythm).
GLE 0306.5.1
Organize, display, and analyze data using various representations to solve problems.
GLE 0406.5.1
Collect, record, arrange, present, and interpret data using tables and various representations.
GLE 0506.5.1
Make, record, display and interpret data and graphs that include whole numbers, decimals, and fractions.
Alignment of this item to academic standards is based on recommendations from content creators, resource curators, and visitors to this website. It is the responsibility of each educator to verify that the materials are appropriate for your content area, aligned to current academic standards, and will be beneficial to your specific students.
Learning objectives: 

Upon completion of this lesson, students will:

  • have been introduced to histograms and bar graphs
  • have understood the difference between bar graphs and histograms
  • have seen examples of how data can be represented in a variety of graphical forms

Lesson Variations

Blooms taxonomy level: 
Differentiation suggestions: 

This lesson can be rearranged in several ways:

  • Instead of initiating class discussions, have the students read the discussions independently, and then see how well they understood by having them complete the sample problems worksheets that accompany each discussion.
  • For further investigation into the representation of data, and to practice working with fractions and decimals, students can work with Sample Problems on Data Abuse.

Helpful Hints

Teacher Preparation:

  • Access to a browser
  • Pencil and Paper
  • Copies of supplemental materials for the activities:
  • Histogram Worksheet
  • Scales and Impressions Worksheet
  • Sample problems for bar graph scales
  • Sample problems on bar graph class intervals
  • Sample Problems on Comparing Histograms and Bar Graphs