Academic standards list

Second Grade: Life in the United States — Social Studies

Introduction

Second grade students will learn about government and civics, economics, geography, and history by studying more about who they are as Americans. The chief purpose of this course is to help students understand their identity as American citizens and how our nation operates. They will examine the geography of the United States and its national symbols and landmarks. Students will explore the structure and purpose of government at the local, state, and national levels, and the responsibilities, rights, and privileges of the citizens of the United States. Second grade students will acquire a common understanding of American history, its political principles, and its system of government in order to prepare them for responsible participation in our schools and civic life.

Culture

Academic Standards
Compare the beliefs, customs, ceremonies, and traditions of the varied cultures represented in the United States by researching informational texts.
 
 
Summarize stories from American Indian legends that reflect the cultural history of various regions in Tennessee and the United States to determine their central message,
 
 
Compare and contrast various cultures in the United States by engaging in collaborative conversations with partners.
 
 
Write an expository paragraph about another culture represented in the United States, introducing the topic, using facts and definitions to develop points, and providing
 
 
Create audio recordings, adding drawings or other visual displays, to explain the ways in which we are all part of the same community, sharing principles, goals, and
 
 
Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe in grade level texts that explore the early cultures of Tennessee.
 
 

Economics

Academic Standards
Compare and contrast authors' main points in texts examining different types of producers and consumers in the community and larger United States.
 
 
Ask and answer questions including who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in texts about major United States products and
 
 
Create a graphic organizer or concept map that describes how supply and demand influences production.
 
 
Participate in a shared research and writing project exploring how products are imported and exported to meet the needs of the people in the United States.
 
 
Write an opinion piece (supplying reasons that support the opinion, using linking words to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding sentence) evaluating an
 
 
Describe the purpose of a budget and create a simple budget using money to buy goods and services.
 
 

Geography

Academic Standards
Compare how maps and globes depict geographical information in different ways.
 
 
Construct a globe depicting the four hemispheres, seven continents, and five oceans using the equator and prime meridian.
 
 
Create a map depicting the current boundaries of the United States, Canada, and Mexico and recognize they are part of the North American continent.
 
 
Utilize legends, cardinal directions, and grids to determine locations on different types of maps.
 
 
Locate major cities, bodies of water, mountain ranges and rivers in the United States
 
 
Compare physical features of the earth, including islands, lakes, mountains, oceans, peninsulas, plains, plateaus, rivers, and valleys.
 
 
Compare and contrast the regions of the United States (Southeast, Northeast, Great Plains, Southwest, and Pacific Northwest) in terms of climate, physical features, and
 
Analyze the differences in natural resources in the three Grand Divisions of Tennessee and make connections to the major industries that are found in each.
 
 

Government and Civics

Academic Standards
Recite and analyze the lyrics of "The Star Spangled Banner" to determine the meaning of the song and its origins in the War of 1812.
 
 
Identify the location and summarize the significance of well-known sites and landmarks in the United States including Mt. Rushmore, The White House, Statue of Liberty,
 
 
Compare the branches of Tennessee's government to the national government.
 
With guidance and support, read how government systems were laid out in the Constitution of the United States and the Tennessee Constitution to form three balanced
 
 
Create a graphic organizer to explain the three branches of government and the basic role of each.
 
Summarize how the United States makes laws, determines whether laws have been violated, and the consequences for breaking different types of laws.
 
 
Explain the development and consequences of rules in the United States, including traffic laws, laws on drugs and alcohol, laws against harm, and basic tax laws.
 
 
Explain how individuals living in societies went from developing rules for small groups (as in early colonial times) to developing rules for larger groups, including
 
 
Identify the rights and responsibilities of citizens of the United States.
 
 
Examine the amendments written to protect all citizens' right to vote.
 
 
Compare the ways one becomes a citizen (by birth or naturalization).
 
 

History

Academic Standards
Participate in shared research using biographies to interpret the significance of contributions made by people of the United States, recounting or describing key ideas
 
 
With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish a writing piece in collaboration with peers on a famous American to describe
 
 
Describe periods of time in terms of days, weeks, months, years, decades, centuries and ages and discriminate between ancient times and modern times, recognizing time is
 
 
Select major events from texts to place sequentially on a timeline to show the sequence and main ideas of events in history.
 
Explain the connection between a series of events in United States history. Teachers may choose any events. Some suggestions are as follows: Jamestown, Plymouth,
 
Narrate a perspective of a historical event in the United States using details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, using temporal words to signal event order
 
Construct a timeline to depict the evolution of a technology over time. Some suggestions are as follows: automobiles, planes, refrigeration, telecommunication,
 
Summarize the importance of commemorative months including Black History, Women's History, Hispanic Heritage, and American Indian Heritage.
 
 
Analyze primary and secondary source maps, photographs, and artifacts for contradictions, supporting evidence, and historical details.
 
 
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