Academic standards list

Grade 6 — English Language Arts & Literacy

Introduction

Academic standards define the expectations for knowledge and skills that students are to learn in a subject by a certain age or at the end of a school grade level. This page contains a list of standards for a specific content area, grade level, and/or course. The list of standards may be structured using categories and sub-categories.

Reading: Literature

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL
 
Key Ideas and Details
Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal
Describe how a particular story's or drama's plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a
Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the
Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text,
(RL.6.8 not applicable to literature)
 
Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6-8 text complexity band proficiently,

Reading: Informational Text

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI
 
Key Ideas and Details
Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions
Analyze in detail how a key individual, event, or idea is introduced, illustrated, and elaborated in a text (e.g., through examples or anecdotes).
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the
Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Integrate information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words to develop a coherent
Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.
Compare and contrast one author's presentation of events with that of another (e.g., a memoir written by and a biography on the same person).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 6-8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at

Writing

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W
 
Text Types and Purposes
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis
     There are 6 components within this standard.
Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Production and Distribution of Writing
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific
With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a
Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient
Research to Build and Present Knowledge
Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate.
Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources; assess the credibility of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and
Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
Range of Writing
Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two)

Speaking & Listening

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL
 
Comprehension and Collaboration
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts,
     There are 4 components within this standard.
Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic,
Delineate a speaker's argument and specific claims, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.
Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
Present claims and findings, sequencing ideas logically and using pertinent descriptions, facts, and details to accentuate main ideas or themes; use
 
Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, images, music, sound) and visual displays in presentations to clarify information.
Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 6 Language

Language

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L
 
Conventions of Standard English
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
Knowledge of Language
Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 6 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a
     There are 4 components within this standard.
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
     There are 3 components within this standard.
Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a

Reading in History/Social Studies

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH
 
Key Ideas and Details
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.
Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior
Identify key steps in a text's description of a process related to history/social studies (e.g., how a bill becomes law, how interest rates are
 
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
 
Identify aspects of a text that reveal an author's point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts).
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.
Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.
 
Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.
 
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
 

Reading in Science & Technical Subjects

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST
 
Key Ideas and Details
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.
Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.
 
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical
Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to an understanding of the
 
Analyze the author's purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a
Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text.
Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
 

Writing in History/Social Studies, Science, & Technical Subjects

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.WHST
 
Text Types and Purposes
Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
     There are 6 components within this standard.
(See note; not applicable as a separate requirement)
 
Production and Distribution of Writing
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or
 
Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas clearly and
 
Research to Build and Present Knowledge
Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional
Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each
 
Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
Range of Writing
Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a
 
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