Academic standards list

Grade 4 — English Language Arts & Literacy

Introduction

Academic standards define the expectations for knowledge and skills that students are to learn in a subject by a certain age or at the end of a school grade level. This page contains a list of standards for a specific content area, grade level, and/or course. The list of standards may be structured using categories and sub-categories.

Reading: Literature

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL
 
Key Ideas and Details
Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.
Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character's thoughts,
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology
Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama
Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific
(RL.4.8 not applicable to literature)
Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently,

Reading: Informational Text

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI
 
Key Ideas and Details
Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.
Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or
Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and the information provided.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive
Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.
Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4-5 text

Reading: Foundational Skills

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF
 
Phonics and Word Recognition
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
     There are 1 components within this standard.
 
Fluency
Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
     There are 3 components within this standard.

Writing

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W
 
Text Types and Purposes
Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
     There are 4 components within this standard.
 
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Production and Distribution of Writing
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing. (Editing for conventions
 
With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and
 
Research to Build and Present Knowledge
Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and
Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
Range of Writing
Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two)

Speaking & Listening

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL
 
Comprehension and Collaboration
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and
     There are 4 components within this standard.
Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.
 
Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details
 
Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.
 
Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g.,

Language

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L
 
Conventions of Standard English
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
     There are 7 components within this standard.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
     There are 4 components within this standard.
Knowledge of Language
Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
     There are 3 components within this standard.
 
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a
     There are 3 components within this standard.
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
     There are 3 components within this standard.
Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions,
 
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