Academic standards list

Grades 11 - 12 — English Language Arts & Literacy

Introduction

Academic standards define the expectations for knowledge and skills that students are to learn in a subject by a certain age or at the end of a school grade level. This page contains a list of standards for a specific content area, grade level, and/or course. The list of standards may be structured using categories and sub-categories.

Reading: Literature

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL
 
Key Ideas and Details
Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text,
Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact
Analyze the impact of the author's choices regarding how to develop and relate elements of a story or drama (e.g., where a story is set, how
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of
Analyze how an author's choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text (e.g., the choice of where to begin or end a story, the
Analyze a case in which grasping a point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g.,
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Analyze multiple interpretations of a story, drama, or poem (e.g., recorded or live production of a play or recorded novel or poetry), evaluating
(RL.11-12.8 not applicable to literature)
 
Demonstrate knowledge of eighteenth-, nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century foundational works of American literature, including how two or
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of grade 11, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 11-CCR text complexity band

Reading: Informational Text

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI
 
Key Ideas and Details
Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text,
Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on
Analyze a complex set of ideas or sequence of events and explain how specific individuals, ideas, or events interact and develop over the course
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze how an
Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the structure an author uses in his or her exposition or argument, including whether the structure
Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in
Delineate and evaluate the reasoning in seminal U.S. texts, including the application of constitutional principles and use of legal reasoning
Analyze seventeenth-, eighteenth-, and nineteenth-century foundational U.S. documents of historical and literary significance (including The
 
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of grade 11, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 11-CCR text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as

Writing

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W
 
Text Types and Purposes
Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective
     There are 6 components within this standard.
Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Production and Distribution of Writing
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most
Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products in response to ongoing feedback,
Research to Build and Present Knowledge
Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or
Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths and
Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
Range of Writing
Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or

Speaking & Listening

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL
 
Comprehension and Collaboration
Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on
     There are 4 components within this standard.
Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) in order to make
Evaluate a speaker's point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric, assessing the stance, premises, links among ideas, word
Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
Present information, findings, and supporting evidence, conveying a clear and distinct perspective, such that listeners can follow the line of
Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding
Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating a command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grades 11-12

Language

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L
 
Conventions of Standard English
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
Knowledge of Language
Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to
     There are 1 components within this standard.
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 11-12 reading and content, choosing flexibly
     There are 4 components within this standard.
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the

Reading in History/Social Studies

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH
 
Key Ideas and Details
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, connecting insights gained from specific details to an
Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among
 
Evaluate various explanations for actions or events and determine which explanation best accords with textual evidence, acknowledging where the
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including analyzing how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key
Analyze in detail how a complex primary source is structured, including how key sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text contribute
 
Evaluate authors' differing points of view on the same historical event or issue by assessing the authors' claims, reasoning, and evidence.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, as well as in
Evaluate an author's premises, claims, and evidence by corroborating or challenging them with other information.
Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 11-CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently.
 

Reading in Science & Technical Subjects

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST
 
Key Ideas and Details
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to
Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing
Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks; analyze the
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical
Analyze how the text structures information or ideas into categories or hierarchies, demonstrating understanding of the information or ideas.
 
Analyze the author's purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text, identifying
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., quantitative data, video, multimedia) in
Evaluate the hypotheses, data, analysis, and conclusions in a science or technical text, verifying the data when possible and corroborating or
Synthesize information from a range of sources (e.g., texts, experiments, simulations) into a coherent understanding of a process, phenomenon,
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 11-CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently.
 

Writing in History/Social Studies, Science, & Technical Subjects

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.WHST
 
Text Types and Purposes
Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes.
     There are 5 components within this standard.
(See note; not applicable as a separate requirement)
 
Production and Distribution of Writing
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is
 
Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products in response to ongoing feedback,
 
Research to Build and Present Knowledge
Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow
Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths
 
Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
 
Range of Writing
Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a
 
 
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