Academic standards list

English/Language Arts - Grade 7 — English Language Arts

Introduction

Academic standards define the expectations for knowledge and skills that students are to learn in a subject by a certain age or at the end of a school grade level. This page contains a list of standards for a specific content area, grade level, and/or course. The list of standards may be structured using categories and sub-categories.

Language

 
Standard 1 — Language
 
Language is the systematic means of communicating ideas and feelings through the use of signs, gestures, words, and/or auditory symbols. Language Arts is the name given to the curriculum area that includes four types of language: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Language Arts teaching constitutes a significant area in education, since listening, speaking, reading, and writing pervade the curriculum. They are vital to learning and the display of learning in all areas- math, science, and social studies. Teachers must teach students to be proficient in all four areas of language to be successful in their learning across the curriculum.Conceptual StrandStandard American English conventions and vocabulary are essential to ensure effective use of language and promote success in college as well as all types of career opportunities.Guiding QuestionIn what ways do Standard American English conventions and vocabulary promote success in education and in careers?
 
Grade Level Expectation
Demonstrate control of Standard English through grammar usage, and mechanics (punctuation, capitalization, and spelling).
Employ a variety of strategies and resources to determine the definition, pronunciation, and usage of words and phrases.
Understand and use correctly a variety of sentence structures.
State Performance Indicator
Identify the correct use of nouns (i.e., common/proper, singular/plural, possessives, direct/indirect objects, predicate) and pronouns (i.e., agreement,
 
Identify the correct use of verbs (i.e., action/linking, regular/irregular, agreement, perfect tenses, verb phrases) within context.
 
Identify the correct use of adjectives (i.e., common/proper, comparative/superlative, adjective clauses) and adverbs (i.e., comparative and superlative forms)
Identify the correct use of conjunctions (i.e., coordinating, correlative, subordinating) and interjections within context.
 
Identify the correct use of prepositional phrases (place correctly according to the words they modify within the sentence) within context.
 
Identify the correct use of commas (i.e., compound sentences, coordinating conjunctions, introductory words, appositives, interrupters) within context.
Identify within context a variety of appropriate sentence combining techniques (i.e., comma with coordinating conjunction, use of semicolon, introductory
Select the most appropriate method to correct a run-on sentence (i.e., conjunctions, semicolons, periods to join or separate elements) within context.
 
Recognize usage errors occurring within context (i.e., double negatives, troublesome words: {to/too/two, their/there/theyre, its/its, sit/set, lie/lay,
 
Identify the correct use of colons (i.e., in business letters, preceding list of items) within context.
 
Identify the correct use of appositives and appositive phrases within context.
 
Identify the correct use of infinitives and infinitive phrases within context.
 
Select the appropriate use of underlining/italicizing with titles, specific words, numbers, and letters.
 
Form singular and plural possessives using apostrophes correctly.
 
Choose the correct use of quotation marks and commas (i.e., in direct quotations, with explanatory material within the quote, proper use with end marks).
 
Identify correctly and incorrectly spelled words in context.
Use context clues and background knowledge of roots and affixes to determine the meaning of multi-meaning words.
Use context clues and background knowledge of roots and affixes to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words.
Replace unknown words in context with appropriate synonyms or antonyms.
 
Recognize and use grade appropriate and/or content specific vocabulary within context.
Decode unknown grade level words in context, using previously learned strategies as aids in determining meaning.
Identify commonly used foreign words and phrases (i.e., RSVP, dj vu, faux pas, du jour, bon voyage).
 

Communication

 
Standard 2 — Communication
 
Communication is the practice of conveying information from one person to another. The language arts are all essential to the communication process. Listening and speaking are fundamental to oral communication. Reading and writing are vital to written communication; viewing and visually representing are critical to visual communication. Listening, reading, and viewing are ways to receive information. Speaking, writing, and visually representing are ways of sharing information.Conceptual StrandEffective communication through clear and persuasive expression and attentive listening is necessary for success in school, the workplace, and the larger community. Guiding QuestionHow do good listening and speaking skills help to communicate clearly and persuasively in all interactive settings?
 
Grade Level Expectation
Demonstrate critical listening skills essential for comprehension, evaluation, problem solving, and task completion.
Distinguish among summaries, paraphrases, and critiques.
Identify the thesis and main points of a speech.
Analyze the organizational structure of a speech.
Understand strategies for expressing ideas clearly and effectively in a variety of oral contexts.
Deliver effective oral presentations.
Participate in work teams and group discussions.
State Performance Indicator
Identify the purpose of a speech (i.e., to inform, to describe, to explain, to persuade, to entertain).
 
Identify the targeted audience of a speech.
 
Identify the thesis and main points of a speech.
 
Determine the most effective methods for engaging an audience during an oral presentation (e.g., making eye contact, adjusting speaking rate).
Organize ideas in the most effective order for an oral presentation.
 
Discern the organizational pattern of a speech (e.g., sequential, chronological, problem-solution, comparison-contrast, cause-effect).
 
Select the most appropriate behaviors for participating productively in a team (e.g., ask primarily relevant questions that move the team toward its goal and
Identify the functions and responsibilities of individual roles within an organized group (i.e., reporter, recorder, information gatherer, leader, timekeeper).
 
Distinguish between a summary and a critique.
 

Writing

 
Standard 3 — Writing
 
Writing is a way of sharing language in a visual or tactile form. Throughout the world writing systems have been developed independently using a variety of symbols to represent speech, punctuation, and numbers. All of the writing systems utilize visible representations except the Braille system used for the visually impaired. Writing is one of the most commanding communication tools.Conceptual StrandThe ability to write clearly and coherently to a specific topic is vital to effective communication. Authors write for a variety of purposes and to a variety of audiences.Guiding QuestionIn what ways does good writing contribute to effective communication in a variety of purposes and to a variety of audiences?
 
Grade Level Expectation
Write in a variety of modes for different audiences and purposes.
Employ various prewriting strategies.
Organize ideas into an essay with an introduction, developing paragraphs, conclusion, and appropriate transitions.
Refine strategies for editing and revising written work.
State Performance Indicator
Identify the purpose for writing (i.e., to inform, to describe, to explain, to persuade, to entertain).
Identify the audience for which a text is written.
Select an appropriate thesis statement for a writing sample.
 
Rearrange a multi-paragraphed work in a logical and coherent order.
 
Select the appropriate time-order or transitional words/phrases to enhance the flow of a writing sample.
Choose the supporting sentence that best fits the context and flow of ideas in a paragraph.
 
Identify the sentence(s) irrelevant to a paragraphs theme or flow.
 
Select an appropriate concluding sentence for a well-developed paragraph.
Select illustrations, explanations, anecdotes, descriptions, and/or facts to support key ideas.
 
Select an appropriate title that reflects the topic of a written selection.
 
Identify individual writing selections as technical, narrative, persuasive, and/or descriptive in mode.
 
Complete a graphic organizer (e.g., clustering, listing, mapping, webbing) with information from notes for a writing selection.
 
Select the most appropriate format for writing a specific work-related text (i.e., instructions, directions, letters, memos, e-mails, reports).

Research

 
Standard 4 — Research
 
Research is the dynamic, attentive, and systematic process of inquiry to discover, interpret, or rework facts, events, behaviors, or theories. Additionally, it makes practical applications with the help of facts, laws, or theories. The term research is also used to describe the collection of information about a particular subject.Conceptual StrandEffective research is the ability to frame, to analyze, and to investigate solutions to problems, while building on and evaluating the credibility of existing research. Effective research leads to the formulation of questions and ultimately to the exploration of new ideas.Guiding QuestionHow does effective research enhance inquiry about any aspect of life?
 
Grade Level Expectation
Define and narrow a problem or research topic.
Gather relevant information from a variety of print and electronic sources, as well as from direct observation, interviews, and surveys.
Make distinctions about the credibility, reliability, consistency, strengths, and limitations of resources, including information gathered from websites.
Write a research paper, using primary and secondary sources and technology and graphics, as appropriate.
State Performance Indicator
Select the most focused research topic.
Identify levels of reliability among resources (e.g., eyewitness account, newspaper account, supermarket tabloid account, Internet source)
 
Determine the most appropriate research source for a given research topic.
Distinguish between primary (i.e., interviews, letters, diaries, newspapers, personal narratives) and secondary (i.e., reference books, periodicals, Internet,
 
Discern irrelevant research material from written text.

Logic

 
Standard 5 — Logic
 
From Guide To Inductive & Deductive Reasoning Induction vs. Deduction October, 2008, by The Critical Thinking Co.™ Staff Logic refers to the systematic study and application of the principles of valid inference and correct reasoning. Logic is the skill of correct thinking and conceptual development. It is the thinking through of similarities, comparisons, and differences in order to induce the correct general conclusions. Studying logic and practicing logical thinking prepares students for the development of reasoning. Logic is often divided into two parts: inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. The first is associated with drawing general conclusions from specific examples; the second involves drawing logical conclusions from definitions and axioms.Conceptual StrandLogic is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately in order to function successfully in society. Guiding QuestionHow is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately necessary to function successfully in school and the workplace?
 
Grade Level Expectation
Use logic to make inferences and draw conclusions in a variety of oral and written contexts.
Analyze text for fact-opinion, cause-effect, inferences, evidence, and conclusions.
Demonstrate an understanding of deductive and inductive reasoning.
Analyze written and oral communication for persuasive devices.
Explore the concept of premises, including false premises.
Explore the concept of logical fallacies.
State Performance Indicator
Make predictions about the outcome of a given text.
 
Evaluate text for fact/opinion.
 
Identify stated or implied cause/effect relationships.
 
Identify stated or implied cause/effect relationships.
 
Identify examples of persuasive devices (i.e., bandwagon, loaded terms, testimonial, name-calling, plain folks).
 
Select the correct word or phrase to complete an analogy, using synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, categories, subcategories, whole/part, functions, and verb forms.
Identify an example of deductive or inductive reasoning in text.
 
Identify a false premise in text.
 
Make inferences and draw conclusions based on evidence in text.

Informational Text

 
Standard 6 — Informational Text
 
In the Information Age the importance of being able to read and write informational texts critically and well cannot be overstated. Informational literacy is central to success, and even survival, in schooling, the workplace, and the community. - Nell Duke, Michigan State University Informational text is designed to convey factual information rather than tell or advance a narrative. Informational texts contain ideas, facts, and principles related to the physical, biological, or social world. They may take many different forms: picture books, photo essays, chapter books, articles and essays, letters, diaries and journals, observational notes, factual references (almanacs, books of statistics, books of world records), brochures, manuals, and text books. Informational text may employ techniques such as lists, comparing/contrasting, or demonstrating cause/effect, and may be accompanied by graphs or charts.Conceptual StrandThe world is filled with a variety of informational texts; learners must have a comprehensive set of skills for effective interpretation of this type of text.Guiding QuestionWhy is it important for learners to have a comprehensive set of skills for interpreting a variety of texts?
 
Grade Level Expectation
Comprehend and summarize the main ideas and supporting details of informational texts.
Analyze the organizational structures of informational texts.
Read, interpret, and analyze text features that support informational texts.
State Performance Indicator
Formulate clarifying questions before, during, or after reading.
 
Identify the main idea and supporting details in text.
 
Use text features to locate information and make meaning from text (e.g., headings, key words, captions, footnotes).
 
Interpret factual, quantitative, technical, or mathematical information presented in text features (e.g., maps, charts, graphs, time lines, tables, and diagrams).
 
Choose the correct order of a set of instructions.
 
Identify the organizational structure of an informational text (i.e., chronological, cause-effect, comparison-contrast, sequential, problem-solution).
 

Media

 
Standard 7 — Media
 
According the National Association for Media Literacy Education: The purpose of media literacy education is to help individuals of all ages develop the habits of inquiry and skills of expression that they need to be critical thinkers, effective communicators and active citizens in todays world. Media (or Cine) literacy is a repertoire of competences that enable people to analyze, evaluate, and create messages in a wide variety of media modes, genres, and forms. Education for media literacy often uses an inquiry-based pedagogic model that encourages people to ask questions about what they watch, hear, and read. Media literacy education provides tools to help people critically analyze messages, offers opportunities for learners to broaden their experience of media, and helps them develop creative skills in making their own media messages.Conceptual StrandAll students must understand, analyze and use multi-media technology in all facets of life to keep pace with society and ensure lifelong learning. Guiding QuestionHow can students understand, analyze and use multi-media technology to keep pace with society and ensure lifelong learning?
 
Grade Level Expectation
Analyze media for their ability to inform, persuade, and entertain.
Examine the relationship between the visual (e.g., media images, painting, film, graphic arts) and the verbal in media.
Recognize how visual and sound techniques and design elements (e.g., special effects, camera angles, music) carry or influence messages in various media.
Apply and adapt the principles of written composition to create coherent media productions.
State Performance Indicator
Choose the most appropriate medium for a prescribed purpose and audience.
 
Select the visual image that best reinforces a viewpoint or enhances a presentation.
Identify the purpose of a medium (i.e., to inform, to persuade, to entertain, to describe).
 
Draw an inference from a non-print medium.
 
Choose the statement that best summarizes/communicates the message presented by a medium.
Identify the type of conflict (i.e., person vs. person, person vs. self, person vs. environment, person vs. technology) represented in a non-print medium.
 

Literature

 
Standard 8 — Literature
 
Literature is a term used to describe written or spoken material. Broadly speaking, "literature" is used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to refer to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction.Conceptual StrandStudents will become educated members of society by gaining knowledge of themselves and others through the study of literature, thus becoming critical readers and lifelong learners. Guiding QuestionHow does the knowledge gained through the study of literature enable students to become critical readers and lifelong learners?
 
Grade Level Expectation
Read and comprehend a variety of works from various forms of literature.
Understand the characteristics of various literary genres (e.g., poetry, novel, biography, short story, essay, drama).
Recognize the conventions of various literary genres.
Analyze works of literature for what is suggested about the historical period in which they were written.
Identify and analyze common literary terms (e.g., personification, conflict, theme).
State Performance Indicator
Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of plot: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution/denouement.
 
Identify the authors point of view (i.e., first person, third-person objective, third-person limited, third-person omniscient).
 
Distinguish among different genres (e.g., poetry, drama, biography, novel) using their distinguishing characteristics.
 
Determine the common characteristics of literary drama, nonfiction, novels, poetry, and short stories.
 
Identify the stated or implied theme of a literary text.
 
Identify how the author reveals character (i.e., what the author tells us, what the characters say about him or her, what the character does, what the character
 
Identify flashback, foreshadowing, and symbolism within context.
 
Analyze the effects of sound (i.e., accent, alliteration, onomatopoeia, repetition, rhyme, internal rhyme) in context.
Identify the kind(s) of conflict present in a literary plot (i.e., person vs. person, person vs. self, person vs. environment, person vs. technology).
 
Identify and analyze figurative language (i.e., hyperbole, simile, metaphor, personification, pun) within context.
Recognize and identify words within context that reveal particular time periods and cultures.
 
Identify the authors purpose for writing.
 
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