Academic standards progression

Cornerstone:

Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of a text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
 

Reading - Literature

Grade(s)
Code
Standard Text
 
Recognize common types of texts.
 
Explain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information, drawing on a wide range of text types.
 
Describe the overall structure of a story, including how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.
 
Refer to parts of stories, dramas, and poems, using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza; describe how each successive part of a text builds on earlier sections.
 
 
Explain major differences between poems, drama, and stories, and refer to the structural elements when writing or speaking about a text.
 
Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fit together to provide the overall structure of particular texts.
 
Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot.
 
Analyze the form or structure of a story, poem, or drama, considering how text form or structure contributes to its theme and meaning.
 
Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.
 
Analyze how an author's choices concerning text structure, plot structure, and/or time manipulation create effects such as mystery, tension, or surprise.
 
Analyze how an author's choices concerning the structure of specific parts of a text contribute to its overall structure, meaning, and aesthetic impact.
 

Reading - Informational Texts

Grade(s)
Code
Standard Text
 
Know various text features.
 
Know and use various text features to locate key facts or information in a text.
 
Know and use various text features to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.
 
Use text features to locate information relevant to a given topic efficiently.
 
 
Describe the overall structure of events, ideas, and concepts of information in a text or part of a text.
 
Compare and contrast the overall structure of events, ideas, and concepts of information in two or more texts.
 
Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas.
 
Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the ideas.
 
Analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph or section in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept.
 
Analyze how an author's ideas or claims are developed and refined by particular sentences, paragraphs, or larger portions of a text.
 
Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the structure an author uses in his or her own exposition or argument, including whether the structure makes points clear, convincing, and engaging.