Academic Standard

Literature
Initiative: 
Tennessee Diploma Project
Set: 
English Language Arts
Type: 
Standard
Code: 
8
Grade range: 
9 to 12
Literature is a term used to describe written or spoken material. Broadly speaking, "literature" is used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to refer to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction.Conceptual StrandStudents will become educated members of society by gaining knowledge of themselves and others through the study of literature, thus becoming critical readers and lifelong learners. Guiding QuestionHow does the knowledge gained through the study of literature enable students to become critical readers and lifelong learners?
 
Elements within this Standard
 
Course Level Expectation
Demonstrate knowledge of significant works of American literature from the colonial period to the present and make relevant comparisons.
Understand the characteristics of various literary genres (e.g., poetry, novel, biography, short story, essay, drama).
Recognize the conventions of various literary genres and understand how they articulate the writers vision.
Analyze works of American literature for what is suggested about the historical period in which they were written.
Know and use appropriate literary terms to derive meaning and comprehension from various literary genres.
Check For Understanding
Analyze a literary work, using the characteristics of the literary time period that it represents.
Compare and contrast the elements (e.g., form, language, plot, and characters) of two works representing different literary periods (e.g., The Scarlet Letter and
Analyze how plot developments determine characters conflicts and dilemmas.
Analyze the function and effect of plot elements (e.g., exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution/denouement) in complex literary texts.
Analyze the role and function of characters (major/minor, protagonists/antagonists) and determine ways in which the author reveals those characters (e.g., what
Identify how setting and changes in setting can affect the literary elements (e.g., plot, character, theme, tone) in complex literary texts.
Analyze the narration and point of view (e.g., first person, third-person objective, third-person limited, third-person omniscient) in complex literary texts, in
Consider the characteristics of genre and the limitations of form when interpreting complex texts.
Identify, analyze, and evaluate the effect and use of metrics (especially iambic pentameter), rhyme scheme (e.g., end, internal, slant, eye), rhythm,
Recognize and identify the characteristics of lyric poetry, blank verse, free verse, epics, sonnets, dramatic poetry, and ballads.
Identify and analyze elements of literary drama (e.g., dramatic irony, dialogue, soliloquy, monologue, aside).
Identify elements of literary drama (e.g., dramatic irony, soliloquy, stage direction, dialogue) and evaluate the ways in which they articulate a playwrights
Identify, analyze, and explain the multiple levels of theme(s) within a complex literary text and of similar or contrasting themes across two or more texts.
Analyze works of literature as reflections of the historical period in which they were written.
Analyze texts to identify the authors attitudes, viewpoints, and beliefs and to critique how these relate to the larger historical, social, and cultural context
Identify and analyze the use of literary elements such as irony, archetype, allegory, parody, satire, parable, paradox, symbol, and foreshadowing.
Comprehend and use figurative language (e.g., idioms, metaphors, similes, personification, hyperbole).
Use prior knowledge and explicit study to identify the meaning of biblical, classical, cultural, historical, and literary allusions, especially those which may
Identify the meaning of metaphors based on common literary allusions and conceits (e.g., the dogs of war, a face that launched a thousand ships, flying too
State Performance Indicator
Identify and analyze examples of idiom, metaphor, simile, personification, hyperbole, or pun in poetry or prose.
Differentiate among verbal, situational, and dramatic irony.
Analyze the effect of literary point-of-view (first person, third-person objective, third-person limited, third-person omniscient) on characters, theme, and
Identify and analyze how the author reveals character (i.e., what the author tells us, what the other characters say about him or her, what the character does,
Identify the symbol of a literary passage and determine the theme it supports.
Identify and analyze standard literary elements (i.e., archetype, allegory, parable, paradox, parody, satire, foreshadowing, flashback).
Analyze the impact of setting on the mood and plot of a literary passage.
Analyze sound and metric devices (i.e., rhyme {internal, slant}, rhythm, blank verse, free verse, repetition, alliteration, onomatopoeia).
Demonstrate knowledge of the characteristics of lyric poetry, epics, sonnets, dramatic poetry, and ballads.
Analyze the development of similar or contrasting themes across two or more literary passages.
Identify and analyze the elements of drama (i.e., stage directions, dialogue, soliloquy, monologue, aside).
Locate words or phrases within a passage that provide historical or cultural cues.
Analyze texts to identify the authors life experiences, attitudes, viewpoints, and beliefs and how these relate to the larger historical, social, and cultural
Identify classical, historical, and literary allusions in context.
Identify and analyze basic elements of plot (i.e., exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution/denouement).
Analyze how form relates to meaning (e.g., compare a poem and a newspaper article on the same theme or topic).