Academic Standard

Literature
Initiative: 
Tennessee Diploma Project
Set: 
English Language Arts
Type: 
Standard
Code: 
8
Grade range: 
8
Literature is a term used to describe written or spoken material. Broadly speaking, "literature" is used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to refer to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction.Conceptual StrandStudents will become educated members of society by gaining knowledge of themselves and others through the study of literature, thus becoming critical readers and lifelong learners. Guiding QuestionHow does the knowledge gained through the study of literature enable students to become critical readers and lifelong learners?
 
Elements within this Standard
 
Grade Level Expectation
Read and comprehend a variety of works from various forms of literature.
Understand the characteristics of various literary genres (e.g., poetry, novel, biography, short story, essay, drama).
Recognize the conventions of various literary genres.
Analyze works of literature for what is suggested about the historical period in which they were written.
Identify and analyze common literary terms (e.g., personification, conflict, theme).
Check For Understanding
Use previously learned strategies to comprehend informational texts (e.g., formulate questions before, during, and after reading; visualize, predict, identify
Sequence and identify the plots main events, their causes, and the influence of each event on future actions.
Identify plot development techniques (e.g., foreshadowing and flashbacks) and explain their function in the text.
Identify and describe character (major/minor, antagonists/protagonists) features and relationships in literary texts.
Identify moral dilemmas in works of literature, as revealed by character motivation and behavior.
Differentiate between internal and external conflict.
Identify the kind(s) of conflict (e.g., person vs. person, person vs. self, person vs. environment, person vs. technology) present in literary plots.
Identify the basic elements of plot (i.e., exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution/denouement).
Identify and analyze the setting (location and time) and its impact on plot, character, and theme in literary texts.
Identify how the author reveals character (e.g., what the author tells us, what the characters say about him or her, what the character does, what the
Analyze the narration and point of view (e.g., first person, third-person objective, third-person limited, third-person omniscient) in literary texts.
Consider how forms and conventions within genres (poetry, drama, essays, short stories) affect meaning.
Comprehend and use figurative language (e.g., idioms, metaphors, similes, personification, hyperbole, pun).
Identify sound devices (e.g., alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhyme scheme, assonance, internal rhyme, slant rhyme, repetition) and figurative language (e.g.,
Explain the purpose and use of structural elements particular to dramatic literature (e.g., scenes, acts, cast of characters, stage directions) in plays that
Identify and explain the theme of a literary text, distinguishing theme from topic.
Identify and explain the development of stated or implied similar themes across two or more literary texts.
Distinguish among the types of literary plot conflicts (e.g., person vs. person, person vs. self, person vs. environment, person vs. technology, person vs.
Identify the historical period in which a literary text was written and explain the text in light of this understanding.
Recognize that the authors viewpoint may or may not reflect the culture or mores of the time in which the author lives.
Recognize and analyze biblical, classical, cultural, historical, and literary allusions.
Explore the concept of allegory.
State Performance Indicator
Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of plot: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution/denouement.
Identify and analyze the authors point of view (i.e., first person, third-person objective, third-person limited, third-person omniscient).
Determine how a story changes if the point of view is changed.
Distinguish among different genres (e.g., poetry, drama, biography, novel) using their distinguishing characteristics.
Analyze the development of similar themes across two or more literary texts.
Identify and analyze how the author reveals character (i.e., what the author tells us, what the other characters say about him or her, what the character does,
Identify and analyze examples of literary elements that shape meaning within context (i.e., flashback, foreshadowing, irony, mood, symbolism, tone).
Analyze figurative language (i.e., idiom, metaphor, simile, personification, hyperbole, pun) within context.
Analyze examples of sound devices within context (i.e., rhyme scheme, alliteration, onomatopoeia, free verse, repetition, internal rhyme, slant rhyme).
Identify the kind(s) of conflict present in a literary plot (i.e., person vs. person, person vs. self, person vs. environment, person vs. technology).
Identify and analyze a literary characters moral dilemma.
Recognize and identify words within context that reveal particular time periods and cultures.
Determine the influence of culture and ethnicity on the themes and issues of literary texts.
Identify the authors purpose for writing.