Academic Standard

Literature
Initiative: 
Tennessee Diploma Project
Set: 
English Language Arts
Type: 
Standard
Code: 
8
Grade range: 
5
Literature is a term used to describe written or spoken material. Broadly speaking, "literature" is used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to refer to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction.Conceptual StrandStudents will become educated members of society by gaining knowledge of themselves and others through the study of literature, thus becoming critical readers and lifelong learners. Guiding QuestionHow does the knowledge gained through the study of literature enable students to become critical readers and lifelong learners?
 
Elements within this Standard
 
Grade Level Expectation
Use previously learned comprehension strategies before, during, and after reading.
Experience various literary genres, including fiction and nonfiction, poetry, drama, chapter books, biography/autobiography, short stories, folk tales, myths,
Understand the basic characteristics of the genres (e.g., narratives, prose, poetry, drama) studied.
Recognize and understand basic literary terms (e.g., simile, metaphor, setting, point of view, alliteration, onomatopoeia).
Check For Understanding
Use a variety of pre-reading strategies (e.g., set a purpose for reading, {to understand, to enjoy, to solve problems, to locate specific information/facts},
Derive meaning while reading (e.g., use metacognitive and self-monitoring reading strategies to improve comprehension {reread, ask for help, draw on earlier
Check for understanding after reading (e.g., summarize, identify the authors purpose).
Build vocabulary by reading from a wide variety of texts and literary genres.
Recognize varying forms of text (e.g., poems {lines and stanzas}, plays {acts, stage directions}, novels {chapters}).
Understand the meaning of plot, character, setting, conflict, point of view, and theme in narration.
Explore the various kinds of conflict (e.g., person vs. person, person vs. self, person vs. environment, person vs. technology).
Begin to distinguish between first and third person points of view.
Distinguish between a stated and an implied theme.
Analyze the plot structure of a narrative (story), including identifying the problem (conflict) and determining how the problem is resolved.
Discuss similarities and differences in events and/or characters, using evidence cited in two or more texts.
Make connections among various texts showing similarities and differences.
Recognize elements particular to dramatic literature (e.g., time constraints, organizational structure, stage directions, dialogue).
Know and use basic literary devices (e.g., imagery, metaphor, simile, personification, hyperbole).
Recognize sound devices in poetry (e.g., onomatopoeia, alliteration, rhythm, rhyme, repetition).
Identify how culture, ethnicity, and historical eras are represented in literary text.
State Performance Indicator
Identify setting, characters, plot, and theme.
Recognize reasonable predictions of future events within a given context.
Distinguish among various literary genres (e.g., poetry, drama, letters, ads, historical fiction, biographies, autobiographies).
Identify and interpret the main incidents of a plot, their causes, how they influence future actions, and how they are resolved.
Recognize that a story is told from first person point of view.
Determine whether the theme is stated or implied within a passage.
Identify similes, metaphors, personification, and hyperbole in context.
Identify the effect of sound within context (i.e., onomatopoeia, alliteration, rhythm, rhyme, repetition).
Identify the authors purpose (i.e., to inform, to entertain, to share feelings, to describe, to persuade).