Academic Standard

Literature
Initiative: 
Tennessee Diploma Project
Set: 
English Language Arts
Type: 
Standard
Code: 
8
Grade range: 
No grade range
Literature is a term used to describe written or spoken material. Broadly speaking, "literature" is used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to refer to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction.Conceptual StrandStudents will become educated members of society by gaining knowledge of themselves and others through the study of literature, thus becoming critical readers and lifelong learners. Guiding QuestionHow does the knowledge gained through the study of literature enable students to become critical readers and lifelong learners?
 
Elements within this Standard
 
Grade Level Expectation
Use active comprehension strategies to derive meaning while reading and check for understanding after reading.
Experience various literary genres, including fiction/nonfiction, poetry, drama, short stories, folk tales, and myths.
Know and understand the basic characteristics of the genres studied.
Recognize and understand basic literary terms (e.g., simile, metaphor, setting, point of view, alliteration, onomatopoeia).
Check For Understanding
Use a variety of pre-reading strategies (e.g., organize prior knowledge using a graphic organizer, explore significant words to be encountered, relate text to
Derive meaning while reading (e.g., express reactions and personal opinions to a selection, make inferences, draw conclusions based on evidence gained).
Check for understanding after reading (e.g., identify the authors purpose; locate information to support opinions, predictions, and conclusions).
Build vocabulary by listening to literature, participating in discussions, and reading self-selected and assigned texts.
Read with fluency from a variety of texts (e.g., poetry, drama, current events, novels).
Recognize varying forms of text (e.g., poems {lines and stanzas}, plays {acts, stage directions}, novels {chapters}).
Read, view, and recognize various literary genres (e.g., poetry, novels, short stories, plays, historical fiction, nonfiction).
Determine the problem in a story, discover its solution, and consider alternate solutions.
Sequence the events of a selection from beginning to end, determining how the incidents are connected and lead to a solution/conclusion.
Identify and describe main and minor characters, considering the importance of their actions, motives, and appearances.
Compare and contrast different versions/representations of the same stories/events that reflect different cultures.
Explore first person point of view.
Recognize sound devices in poetry (e.g., alliteration, rhythm, rhyme, repetition, onomatopoeia).
Explore the concept of theme.
Recognize and interpret basic literary devices (e.g., imagery, simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole).
Develop an awareness of literature as a reflection of its culture.
State Performance Indicator
Recognize plot features of fairy tales, folk tales, fables, and myths.
Identify characters, setting, and plot in a passage.
Determine the problem in a story and recognize its solution.
Make appropriate predictions about text.
Identify the forms of text (e.g., poetry, drama, fiction, nonfiction).
Identify and interpret similes and metaphors.
Identify the authors purpose (e.g., to entertain, to inform, to persuade, to share feelings).
Recognize the sounds of language (i.e., alliteration, rhyme, and repetition).