Academic Standard

Logic
Initiative: 
Tennessee Diploma Project
Set: 
English Language Arts
Type: 
Standard
Code: 
5
Grade range: 
No grade range
From Guide To Inductive & Deductive Reasoning Induction vs. Deduction October, 2008, by The Critical Thinking Co.™ Staff Logic refers to the systematic study and application of the principles of valid inference and correct reasoning. Logic is the skill of correct thinking and conceptual development. It is the thinking through of similarities, comparisons, and differences in order to induce the correct general conclusions. Studying logic and practicing logical thinking prepares students for the development of reasoning. Logic is often divided into two parts: inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. The first is associated with drawing general conclusions from specific examples; the second involves drawing logical conclusions from definitions and axioms.Conceptual StrandLogic is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately in order to function successfully in society. Guiding QuestionHow is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately necessary to function successfully in school and the workplace?
 
Elements within this Standard
 
Grade Level Expectation
Refine logic skills to facilitate learning and to enhance thoughtful reasoning.
Use logic to make inferences and to draw conclusions in a variety of oral and written contexts.
Explore the concept of persuasive devices.
Check For Understanding
Distinguish between fact/opinion, between cause/effect, and between fantasy/reality.
Make inferences and draw appropriate conclusions while reading, viewing, or listening to print and non-print media.
Make and adjust predictions while reading, viewing, or listening to print and non-print media.
Construct and complete analogies using synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, categories, and subcategories.
Recognize examples of persuasive devices (e.g., bandwagon, loaded terms, testimonial, name-calling).
State Performance Indicator
Locate information to support opinions, predictions, and conclusions.
Identify stated or implied cause and effect relationships in text.
Distinguish between fact/opinion and reality/fantasy.
Determine the conflict in a text and recognize its solution.
Select a logical word to complete an analogy using synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, categories, and subcategories.
Make inferences and draw appropriate conclusions from text.
Indicate the correct sequence of events in text.