Academic Standard

Language
Initiative: 
Tennessee Diploma Project
Set: 
English Language Arts
Type: 
Standard
Code: 
1
Grade range: 
9 to 12
Language is the systematic means of communicating ideas and feelings through the use of signs, gestures, words, and/or auditory symbols. Language Arts is the name given to the curriculum area that includes four types of language: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Language Arts teaching constitutes a significant area in education, since listening, speaking, reading, and writing pervade the curriculum. They are vital to learning and the display of learning in all areas- math, science, and social studies. Teachers must teach students to be proficient in all four areas of language to be successful in their learning across the curriculum.Conceptual StrandStandard American English conventions and vocabulary are essential to ensure effective use of language and promote success in college as well as all types of career opportunities.Guiding QuestionIn what ways do Standard American English conventions and vocabulary promote success in education and in careers?
 
Elements within this Standard
 
Course Level Expectation
Demonstrate control of Standard English through grammar usage and mechanics (punctuation, capitalization, and spelling).
Employ a variety of strategies and resources to determine the definition, pronunciation, etymology, spelling, and usage of words and phrases.
Understand and use a variety of sentence structures.
Check For Understanding
Demonstrate a mastery of the definitions, usage, and functions of the eight parts of speech.
Apply a variety of strategies to correct sentence fragments and run-on sentences.
Know and apply a variety of sentence-combining techniques.
Identify basic sentence patterns (e.g., subject-verb, subject-action verb-direct object, subject-action verb-indirect object-direct object, subject-linking
Know and use Standard English conventions for punctuation, capitalization, and spelling.
Use print and electronic reference sources as aids in understanding all aspects of a word (e.g., spelling, part of speech, definition, cognates, etymology,
Use previously learned strategies to determine and clarify word meanings (e.g., roots, affixes, textual context).
Recognize and use the appropriate word among frequently confused words (e.g., to/too/two, their/there/theyre, it/its, you/youre, whose/whos, which/that/who,
Demonstrate understanding of common foreign words and phrases (e.g., RSVP, djvu, faux pas, du jour, bon voyage, alma mater, cum laude, femme fatale, esprit de
State Performance Indicator
Demonstrate an understanding of the eight parts of speech, including their troublesome aspects, such as how to form the past and past participle of irregular but
Identify the patterns of a given set of sentences (i.e., subject-verb, subjectaction verb-direct object, subject-action verb-indirect object-direct object,
Use a variety of techniques to correct sentence fragments.
Combine a set of simple sentences into a single compound or complex sentence.
Use commas correctly with appositives and introductory words, phrases, or clauses.
Correct a run-on sentence by using a comma and coordinating conjunction, subordinate conjunction, or semicolon.
Recognize correct subject-verb agreement with intervening elements.
Select correct pronoun usage in a sentence (e.g., with compound elements such as between you and me, or following than or as).
Select correct pronoun-antecedent agreement using collective nouns or indefinite pronouns.
Recognize the correct placement of end marks with quotation marks.
Recognize the correct usage of quotation marks in direct and indirect quotations.
Use context clues and/or knowledge of roots, affixes, and cognates to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words.
Select the appropriate word among frequently confused words (i.e., to/too/two, their/there/theyre, it/its, you/youre, whose/whos, which/that/who, accept/except,
Proofread a written passage for errors in punctuation and/or capitalization and/or spelling.
Use a sample reference source to determine aspects of a given word (e.g., spelling, part of speech, definition, cognates, etymology, synonyms).
Identify commonly used foreign words and phrases (i.e. RSVP, djvu, faux pas, du jour, bon voyage, alma mater, cum laude, femme fatale, esprit de corps,