Academic Standard

Language
Initiative: 
Tennessee Diploma Project
Set: 
English Language Arts
Type: 
Standard
Code: 
1
Grade range: 
5
Language is the systematic means of communicating ideas and feelings through the use of signs, gestures, words, and/or auditory symbols. Language Arts is the name given to the curriculum area that includes four types of language: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Language Arts teaching constitutes a significant area in education, since listening, speaking, reading, and writing pervade the curriculum. They are vital to learning and the display of learning in all areas- math, science, and social studies. Teachers must teach students to be proficient in all four areas of language to be successful in their learning across the curriculum.Conceptual StrandStandard American English conventions and vocabulary are essential to ensure effective use of language and promote success in college as well as all types of career opportunities.Guiding QuestionIn what ways do Standard American English conventions and vocabulary promote success in education and in careers?
 
Elements within this Standard
 
Grade Level Expectation
Demonstrate knowledge of Standard English usage, mechanics, and spelling.
Demonstrate knowledge of strategies and resources to determine the definition, pronunciation, and usage of words and phrases.
Demonstrate knowledge of Standard English sentence structure.
Check For Understanding
Know and use appropriately the meaning, forms, and functions of nouns (including common/proper, singular/plural, possessives, predicate nouns), verbs
Recognize usage errors (e.g., double negatives, troublesome words {to/too/two, their/there/theyre, its/its, sit/set, lie/lay, affect/effect, may/can, leave/let,
Recognize and appreciate cultural and regional differences signaled by word usage and vocabulary.
Capitalize sentence beginnings, proper nouns and adjectives, titles, abbreviations, quotations, parts of friendly letters and business letters.
Use correct end of sentence punctuation.
Demonstrate knowledge of the meaning and function of certain marks of punctuation, including colons (between the hour and minute and after the greeting of
Demonstrate the correct use of quotation marks in conversation, including their use with capitalization, end marks, and explanatory material.
Spell correctly high-frequency and commonly misspelled words appropriate to grade level.
Form and spell correctly contractions, plurals, and possessives.
Abbreviate words correctly.
Write legibly in manuscript and cursive.
Use appropriate language structure in oral and written communication (e.g., subject-verb agreement in simple and compound sentences, correct syntax, correct
Recognize and edit incomplete sentences and run-on sentences.
Eliminate reliance on simple sentences by combining independent clauses, by creating compound subjects and/or predicates, by using introductory phrases or
Define and recognize synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms.
Use a variety of previously learned strategies (e.g., understanding of roots and affixes, context clues, reference sources) to determine the meaning of
State Performance Indicator
Identify the correct use of nouns (i.e., singular/plural, possessives, predicate nouns, nouns as objects) and pronouns (i.e., agreement, subject, object) within
Identify the correct use of verbs (i.e., action/linking, regular/irregular, agreement, tenses) within context.
Identify the correct use of adjectives (i.e., common/proper, comparative forms, predicate adjectives) and adverbs (i.e., comparative forms, negatives) within
Recognize usage errors occurring within context (e.g., double negatives, troublesome words {to/too/two, their/there/theyre, lie/lay, sit/set, leave/let,
Identify sentences with correct use of commas (i.e., series, dates, addresses, friendly letters, compound sentences, coordinating conjunctions, and introductory
Choose the correct use of quotation marks and commas in direct quotations.
Identify correctly or incorrectly spelled words in context, including the correct spelling of plurals and possessives.
Identify within context a variety of appropriate sentence-combining techniques (i.e., comma used with a coordinating conjunction, use of semicolon, introductory
Select the most appropriate method to correct a run-on sentence (i.e., conjunctions, semicolons, periods to join or separate elements) within context.
Select the best way to correct incomplete sentences within context.
Determine word meanings within context.
Recognize root words, prefixes, and syllabication as aids in determining meaning within context.
Select appropriate synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms within context.
Identify compound words, contractions, and common abbreviations within context.
Recognize and use grade appropriate vocabulary within context.
Determine the correct meaning/usage of multiple meaning words within context.